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Cognition and Learning

Cognition and Learning


Cognition refers to the thinking skills and thought processes that a child or young person has acquired through their prior experience. Learning needs are on a continuum and can vary across subjects and situations. Children with learning needs may learn at a slower pace than their peers despite appropriate differentiation. Learning difficulties can be general or specific and related to one or more areas of the curriculum. Difficulties may be short-term in one or more areas or severe and long term.

Specific learning difficulties (SpLD) affect one or more specific aspects of learning. This encompasses a range of conditions such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and developmental coordination disorder (DCD).


As part of our school offer, we offer all Y3 children and KS2 new starters to Oakwood the opportunity to screen for Dyslexia, using Nessy Dyslexia Quest screening tool which provides a report of learning abilities associated with dyslexia.

Please note: This is NOT a full diagnostic assessment and isn’t meant to tell us if your child definitely does or doesn’t have dyslexia, but it does help to give us an indication of any difficulties they might have.


Oakwood’s graduated approach to supporting children and young people with additional needs provides for the varying needs of all learners.